Kashmir Dispute 2nd

From the point of view of the Northern Frontier this new arrangement had many advantages. It avoided arousing Indian public opinion: ever since 1857 the Government of India had been extremely wary of annexing Princely States. The British would be in control of frontier policy, yet many of the resultant costs could be charged to the State Government which would also both provide a considerable proportion of the military force required and maintain the major access route from Srinagar through ~unji.~~ Under these conditions, in 1889 Algernon Durand was instructed to re-establish the Gilgit Agency, but this time on a much firmer footing. The most urgent task now facing the Agency under Durand was to deal with Hunza. In January 1888, in a rare alliance with its neighbour Nagar, Hunza had rebelled against Dogra authority and expelled the Jammu and Kashmir garrisons from two key posts on the road north of Gilgit, Chalt and Chaprot, and held them for several months before withdrawing.

For a while Gilgit itself was threatened. Also threatened in 1888, of course, following the Hunza raid on Shahidulla, was trade along the caravan route across the Karakoram Pass. Algernon Durand endeavoured to control Hunza’s ambitions by diplomacy; but he soon concluded that the Mir, Safdar Ali, was from the British point of view devious, treacherous and hostile: despite British efforts at persuasion and offers of friendship and protection, it transpired that Safdar Ali had established diplomatic contact with M. Petrovski, the Russian Consul in Kashgar (where he had been stationed since 1882). Relations between Algernon durand and Hunza, still supported by neighbouring Nagar, soon broke down; and by late 1891 the British found themselves at war with both states. The conflict was brief but hard fought, and, needless to say, the British won (as every English schoolboy of the day knew, if only because of the three Victoria Crosses which the campaign yielded). Safdar Ali fled, eventually taking refuge with the Chinese authorities in Sinkiang where, some forty years later, he died in Yarkand in somewhat straitened circumstances. His known relationship with the Russians in the 1890s, and his continued position within the Chinese official establishment right up to his death, made his presence on Chinese soil a cause for British concern for many years to come. In Hunza he was deposed by the British and replaced by his half-brother Mohammed Nazim Khan.

Broken Kashmir(poem)

I saw a law,

The law become a “saw”.

I saw here,a beautiful kilter,

Later,I saw here is also a “tilter”.

I saw,no one is ready to listen our ” Voice”.

Nowadays, voice has become a prison choice.

No ….My sight was on peace,

Unfortunately, unrest rise with “to tease”.

I saw here, Vote a solution like” fin”

The politics has eroded our whole “Kin”.

“My land of heaven” had become a prison of inequity,

Oh God, re-creat “the land of heaven” with verity.

From to till,My “land of heaven” is Surrounded with “Black Cloud”.

I love My Kashmir Beloved…

By @bhataejaz250